Sabarmati AshramSabarmati Ashram or Gandhi Ashram in Ahmedabad, once used to be Mahatma Gandhi’s residence. It is here that he got settled with his his family, relatives and few associates after his comeback from South Africa in July 1914. From here he could work easily on his mission with the major reason being his familiarity with his mother tongue Gujarati.
The Setup of Sabarmati Ashram GaushalaGradually, few dwellings were built within the 36 acre ashram site on the bank of the river Sabarmati. The ashram was considered as the human laboratory where Gandhi could test his spiritual as well as moral hypotheses. Progressively, the main objective of the ashram were begun such as farming, cow breeding, animal husbandry, education, celibacy, truth, non-violence, love, control of the palate, non-possession (simple living), khadi, use of home-made products, fearlessness, eradication of untouchability and many more. Very soon, the Sabarmati Ashram Gaushala was also set up for the milk production as well as supply for the inmates of the ashram.
Role of Sabarmati Ashram During Freedom StruggleThe first Indian freedom struggle that was headed from the Sabarmati Ashram by Gandhi, was for the textile workers. The strike was taken because there was a far-reaching deadlock between the textile mill owners and the ineffectively paid workers. Undoubtedly, it was difficult for the workers to control their anger since they were starving. Nevertheless, Gandhi controlled their anger and joined with them in fast. Later, Gandhi founded Weavers School at Sabarmati for textile strikers.
During the freedom struggle phase, Gandhi was imprisoned for almost 6 years in a nearby jail and published his autobiography after his release My Experiments with Truth. The ashram is closely associated with India’s freedom movement being the place from where was started 'Dandi March' in the year 1930, in protest against the imposition of Salt Tax by British. 'Hridaya Kunj' is the cottage where he lived, has been preserved as the National Monument in the ashram. This ashram also displays Gandhi’s Memorial Center, a Sound-and-Light spectacle, and a Library offer a fascinating display of the Mahatma's life and work.
Tragic Aspect of Sabarmati AshramThe most tragic chapter of the Sabarmati ashram is the way Gandhi had bid his farewell to it. While leaving Sabarmati, Gandhi had said that he would never return to the ashram until India gets its freedom. India got its freedom in August 15, 1947, yet he could not visit Sabarmati. And by January 30, 1948 he was assassinated by Nathu Ram Godse.
Sabarmati Ashram, Post-IndependencePost-independence, six trusts were established from the Sabarmati Ashram. One among them, was the Sabarmati Ashram Gaushala Trust that was registered in 1952 under Bombay Public Trust Act, 1950. In 1973, the Trustees handed over this trust to NDDB for the specialized as well as professional management.
Today, thousand of people visit this Ashram, to have a glimpse of Mahatma Gandhi's life and his struggle for India's Freedom. The peaceful ambiance of the place reflects Gandhiji's personality and the simplicity he led his life with.