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Physical Features of Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad is a city that is situated on the edges of River Sabarmati and it lies in the northern part of Gujarat and western part of India. The location of Ahmedabad is 23.03oN 72.58oE. The entire city of Ahmedabad is spread over an area of 205 square kilometers and its average elevation is 53 meters.

Physical Features of Ahmedabad

Lakes in Ahmedabad

The Vastrapur Lake and the Kankaria Lake are the two main lakes that are located within Ahmedabad. The Kankaria Lake is located at Maninagar and it is mainly an artificial lake that was developed in 41451 by Qutb-ud-din Aybak. The lake also possesses a zoo and an aquarium. There is an island palace called Naginwadi located in the middle of the Kankaria Lake and it is believed that this island palace was constructed during the rule of the Mughals in Gujarat.

The Hilly Area in Ahmedabad

The city of Ahmedabad is found to be sited in a dry and sandy area. The entire city of Ahmedabad is completely flat except for tiny hills of the Thaltej-Jodhpur Tekra. River Sabarmati bifurcates Ahmedabad into two parts called the western part and the eastern part. Both the parts of Ahmedabad are connected via five bridges out for which two bridges have been constructed after India got its Independence. 

However, it has to be noted that River Sabarmati is a perennial river that dries up during summer leaving only a very narrow brook of water. The soil that is found in the city of Ahmedabad is moderately deep soil. The texture of the soil that is found in Ahmedabad is basically loamy and at the same time it is well drained soil.

Seasons of Ahmedabad

The city of Ahmedabad enjoys three seasons typically and they are monsoon, summer and winter. The climate of Ahmedabad is very dry except the monsoon season. The weather of Ahmedabad is found to be very hot during summer month that is between the months if March and June. The average temperature that is measured during the summer season is 43oC maximum and 23oC minimum. 

The average maximum temperature measured during the months of November to February is 36oC and the minimum temperature measured during these cold months is 15oC. The climate is found to be very dry during these months. 

During January, mild chill is experienced in the city as a result of the cold northerly winds. From mid-June to mid-September, the city of Ahmedabad experiences humid climate because of the south-west monsoon winds. The average rainfall in Ahmedabad is 932 mm and the highest temperature that has been recorded till date is 47oC and the lowest temperature recorded is 5oC.

Old and New Ahmedabad

As it has been said earlier that the Sabarmati River divides the city of Ahmedabad into two distinct parts, the eastern part of Sabarmati River accommodates the old city. The old city consists of the pol scheme of houses, places of devotion and worship like mosques and temples and bazaars. The main railway station of Ahmedabad and even the General Post Office is located in the old city. 

The western part of Sabarmati River also flourished as a city during the colonial period and this was due to the construction of Ellis Bridge in the year 1875. This part of the Sabarmati River is the new city of Ahmedabad that accommodates modern buildings, educational institutions, residential areas that are very well-planned, multiplexes, shopping malls and the new districts of business centered at Ashram Road, Sarkhej-Gandhinagar Highway that has been recently developed and C.G.Road.