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Local Bodies in Ahmedabad

A city of more than 600 years of rich cultural and historic heritage, Ahmedabad was founded by Sultan Ahmed Shah in the year 1411 AD on the ancient ruins of Karnavati and Ashwal. The British ruled on it from 1818 to 1947 and the phase between witnessed different dynasties ruling on Ahmedabad like the Mughals and the Marathas.

Often referred to as the ‘Manchester of the East’ because of its rich and flourishing textile industry, this city gained popularity due to its association with the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi who spear headed the Indian Independence Movement. Ahmedabad is on its way to becoming a mega city and boast of an urban population of more than fifty lacs. It is a city of mosques and temples which are again widely acclaimed due to their ornamental and exquisite designs and sculptures.

Local Bodies in Ahmedabad

Governing Bodies in Ahmedabad

It is the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation which was established in the month of July , 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act of 1949 that looks after the governing and administration of Ahmedabad. The vision of this local body is ‘Vibrant, Productive, Harmonious, Sustainable and Environmental friendly, clean and livable city having a responsive local government offering its citizens a good quality of life.

The local bodies of Ahmedabad have undertaking the task of preserving its heritage and the AMC has called upon the conservation and the search of urban traditional architecture (CRUTA), foundation of Calcutta to help preserve the cities heritage.

The functions of the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation can be broadly divided into two i.e. Obligatory and Discretionary. There are many obligatory functions of the AMC but a few need to be mentioned as they are indispensible to the smooth running and conservation of the city.
  •  To erect city boundaries for defining city limits.
  •  Sewage Services.
  •  Health and Medical Services.
  •  To maintain burial homes and funeral houses.
  •  Relief work in times of scarcity and disaster.
Services by governing bodies in Ahmedabad:
  • To maintain and construct new hospitals and infirmaries
  •  Public transport facility maintenance
  •  Destroy birds and animals which are a nuisance
  •  Providing shelter to the homeless and poor people
  • Maintaining ambulance services

There are many more functions which need to be carried out on a regular basis in order to maintain the cleanliness of the city and to help in the smooth administration.

It is an IAS Officer who is appointed by the Government of Gujarat who heads the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. In order to help in the smooth running of the administration the city is divided into five zones- Central, East, West, North and South. Very recently there has been an addition of the New West Zone. Each Zone is further divided into 9 wards. Except for the South Zone which has 7 wards. 3 Corporators represent these wards and they attain these power through an election. The party which has the most number of corporators is headed by the Mayor. However this Mayor is more of a rubber stamp as he does not have the power to execute and carry out duties.

The AMC has proved its grit by delivering services of high standards, covering water supply, sewerage and solid waste collection. Cleanliness of the city and excellent transport services has been maintained with better roads in recent years.

Some new ideas undertaken by this body are:

  • Property tax reforms to manage finances better, improving slums and other urban areas. It has set a zero litigation record.
  •  Improving the environment
  • Public private partnership introduced in the Municipal transport which is a unique step involving 220 environment friendly CNG buses which has lead to almost 33% reduction in the operation costs.
The Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation is now planning on bigger projects like BRTS, Sewerage treatment plants, flyovers and bridges which will all be funded by Urban Renewal Mission.

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